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When we think of tropical freshwater aquarium fish, we tend to stereotype and assume the type of care we plan to give them. But with this article, we hope you see the Danio in a whole new light.
Do You Need A Heater For Danios?
We’ve been told so much that Danios are tropical fish that we’ve forgotten how hardy and adaptable they are to a wide range of conditions, including temperature.
The truth is that Danios can live without a heater in areas where room and ambient temperatures don’t fall below the 60s. The safest cold-water temperature would be around 68 deg Fahrenheit.
The heating in your home provides a steady temperature for your aquarium, so much so that you may not need to put a heater in there. As long as you’re comfortable, your Danios will be, too.
Won’t Danios Get Sick In Cold Water?
If you’re concerned about its health, it’s not the cold or the heat that makes Danios prone to diseases.
The real problem begins when temperatures fluctuate wildly. Sudden adjustments may shock your Danios and cause stress, which would in turn compromise their immune systems.
That’s why the location of their tank is a factor. Keeping an aquarium near a vent, window, heater, or air-conditioning unit is never advisable as the cold draft will cool down the water considerably.
But when it comes to steady 65 or 78 deg Fahrenheit water, they’ll be fine.
Danios come from the waters of Asia, particularly India and Pakistan, where the temperatures are at an average of 78 deg Fahrenheit but can drop to the low 50’s during the monsoon period.
You’d only be in trouble with the temperature in your tank if you suffer from a power outage—and this only happens rarely. We’ve had friends whose areas suffered a major blizzard and lost power for around 3 days. What they did to keep their fish alive was use a gas burner stove to heat some water to keep their aquarium cozy enough for their fish to survive in. They also used blankets to cover the tank.
And it worked.
Heater-less Tank Conditions for the Danio
So, what do we need to do to keep a healthy environment for the Danios even without the heater?
Component #1: A big enough tank
First of all, space is a factor.
Water is denser than air. This means that it takes a while longer to change its temperature—whether gaining heat or losing it. In short, a bigger aquarium will retain temperature better than a small one. Remember, you wouldn’t want sudden fluctuations in the temperature.
If you plan, therefore, to keep a heater-less tank, then it’s easier to do so with a bigger aquarium such as a 40- or 55-gallon than, say, a 10- or 20-gallon. And since almost all varieties of Danios are schooling fish, that space will be well-utilized.
A 40- to 55-gallon heater-less tank can house around 25 Zebra Danios considering the space you will need for plants.
Component #2: Weather that doesn’t go to extremes
As mentioned above, your home heating will make it easier to keep a heater-less tank regardless of where you live. The key here is consistency.
Consider this if you want to leave for a long vacation or if you turn off the heating when you leave for work. Too cold of a temperature will make your Danios prone to illnesses.
You can keep a tank warmer by surrounding the walls of your tank with insulation. And don’t forget the lid because Danios are jumpers! The lid helps heat from escaping too quickly, too. If you’re worried about less oxygenation, just add an air stone.
It might help if you choose an acrylic aquarium over a glass one as the former retains heat more. It’s pricier than glass, though.
If you plan to rear your Danios in an outdoor pond or a mini-pond, you’ll get helpful tips from our discussion here.
Which Variety of Danios Can Do Well Without a Heater?
There are several particular varieties of Danios that are favorites when it comes to non-heated aquariums. These are:
#1 Celestial Pearl Danios
These are the smallest (but one of the priciest) Danio variety and have very intriguing and beautiful body patterns and colors. Its other name sounds cosmic, too: Galaxy Rasboras.
They are favorites in nano tanks for their small size and tolerance for a wide range of conditions. As you may know, nano tanks are usually unheated, unfiltered, heavily planted tanks with very small bioloads for a complete, integral system. And by ‘usually’, we mean there are nano tanks with nano filters and nano heaters nowadays.
#2 Glowlight Danios
This is another beautiful fish with red, orange, and yellow hues. Also called the Dwarf Spotted Danio, this is a bit smaller than the Zebras.
One peculiarity about the Glowlights is their preference to feed at the surface of the water.
#3 Zebra Danios
Zebrafish are probably the most well-known of all Danios varieties. Its abundance and hardiness are what made scientists choose it as its first GloFish product. You can read all about that in our post here.
#4 Pearl Danios
Unlike other varieties of Danios, the Pearl does not need to be in a school although they will band together if kept in groups. Being a bigger fish, it will need more space if you have a bunch of them.
Take a look at some important information about these Danio varieties:
|Size||1 inch||1.4 inches||1.5 inches||2.5 inches|
|Lifespan||3-5 years||3 years||3.5 years||3 to 5 years|
|Temperature||65 to 70 deg F||65 to 75 deg F||65 to 78 deg F||65 to 75 deg F|
|Water column||middle||top and middle||middle||middle|
|pH||6.6 to 7.8||6.3 to 7.5||6.2 to 7.2||6.5 to 7.2|
When is a Heater Necessary?
Condition #1: Danios can tolerate a temperature of up to 82 deg Fahrenheit, but this is only for when you’re treating them for ich.
Any higher than this and the Danios would suffer from lack of oxygen.
Ich is a parasitic disease that needs to be treated right away as it causes much discomfort to your Danios. The organisms that latch themselves to the fish’s body are very itchy but detach with higher temperatures.
Along with the heat, aquarium salt and water changes should cure your Danios.
A temperature this high should never be the norm. When the Danios are ich-free, the temperature should be lowered back to normal.
Condition #2: You can raise the temperature to 80 deg Fahrenheit if you’re preparing for them to breed.
Conditioning Danios to breed requires you to put potential parents in a breeding tank with fresh water and then raising the temperature. They should also be fed protein-rich food.
The increase in temperature encourages their breeding hormones to activate, making them fertile. The actual spawning happens 1 to 2 weeks after conditioning when the female lays the eggs at dawn and the male fertilizes them.
A warning, though: if you keep your Danios in colder water, don’t raise the temperature by more than 10 deg F or they will fall sick. Gradual temperature raise is always ideal, raising it by a degree every 2 to 3 hours.
Don’t be deceived by the label ‘tropical’. The Danio is a versatile, peaceful, and hardy fish that can survive colder waters. They’re even compatible living with Goldfish, Koi, and other colder freshwater fish.
Just remember to be consistent in their water temperature and they’ll give you a lot of joy for many years.